, , , , , ,

Whilst it is not essential to do any background reading before the course begins, you may find it useful to do so. The reading list below contains books that you can read. You don’t have to read all of these. Indeed, we don’t specify any that you must read. Instead, these are readings you can use to gain a preliminary understanding of topics, as well as to study in more depth those parts of the course you are particularly interested in. You may also want to take a look at magazines such as British Archaeology, World Archaeology and Current Archaeology.


Broodbank, C. 2013. The Making of the Middle Sea: a History of the Mediterranean from the beginning to the emergence of the Classical world. Thames & Hudson.

Cunliffe, B. 2008. Europe between the Oceans: 9000 BC – AD 1000. Yale University Press: New Haven and London.

Roberts, J. T. 2011. Herodotus: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press.


Herodotus. The Histories. (Published by Penguin Classics, Oxford World Classics, Wordsworths Classics etc)

Livy. The Early History of Rome (Published by Penguin Classics etc)

Thucydides. The History of the Peloponnesian War. (Published by Penguin Classics, Oxford World Classics etc)


Holst, S. 2011. Phoenician Secrets: Exploring the Ancient Mediterranean. Santorini Press.


Cartledge, P. 2011. Ancient Greece: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press.

Hall, J.M. 2013. A History of the Archaic Greek World c. 1200 – 479 BC. Revised Edition. Blackwell.

Martin, T. 2013. Ancient Greece: From Prehistory to Hellenistic Times. Yale University Press.

Raaflaub, K. A. and Van Wees, H. 2012. A Companion to Archaic Greece. Blackwell.


Cernenko, E.V. 1983. The Scythians 700 – 300 BC. Men at Arms Series No. 137. Osprey Publishing.

Wells, P.S. 2001. Beyond Celts, Germans and Scythians: Archaeology and Identity in Iron Age Europe. Duckworth.


Barker, G and Rasmussen, T. 2000. The Etruscans. The Peoples of Europe series. Wiley-Blackwell.

Smith, C. 2014. The Etruscans: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press (release date May 2014)


Charles River Editors. 2013. Ancient Cities: The History of Carthage.

Miles, R. 2011. Carthage Must Be Destroyed: The Rise and Fall of a Civilization. Penguin Books.


Cornell, T. 1995. The Beginnings of Rome: Italy and Rome from the Bronze Age to the Punic Wars (c.1000-264 BC). The Routledge History of the Ancient World Series. Routledge.

Gwynn, D. M. 2012. The Roman Republic: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press.