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In our last session, we looked at trade in ancient Mesopotamia, touching on related concepts such as transportation and money such as the gold coin of Croesus, which was featured in A History of the World in 100 Objects, the podcast of which is available to listen to online.

Overland trade routes to the north and west followed the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, while to the east routes passed through the Zagros Mountains onto the resource rich Iranian plateau and beyond. The sea route via the Persian Gulf to the Arabian Sea and the Indus Valley was also very active.